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Appraisal of mechanical properties of different particle sizes of palm kernel shell, coconut shell and mixed palm kernel-coconut shells particles epoxy-filled composites

Authors:

A. B. Alabi,

University of Ilorin, Ilorin, NG
About A. B.
Department of Physics
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M. A. Salawu ,

University of Ilorin, Ilorin, NG
About M. A.
Department of Physics
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R. A. Jimoh,

Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, NG
About R. A.
Department of Material Science and Engineering
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T. Akomolafe

University of Ilorin, Ilorin, NG
About T.
Department of Physics
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Abstract

This study presents the appraisal of indentation hardness and flexural modulus of composites prepared by mixing particles of palm kernel shell (PKS), coconut shell (CNS) and mixtures of palm kernel-coconut shell (MPKCNS) of different sizes (35.5 μm, 75 μm and 106 μm) with epoxy and hardener for various applications. The Rockwell hardness tester results showed that PKS particles epoxy filled composites of 35.5 μm had the highest hardness number of 77 while the MPKCNS particles epoxy filled composites of 106 μm had the least hardness number of 43. The CNS particles epoxy filled composites of 35.5 μm and 75 μm had relatively higher flex moduli of 428.66 MPa and 425.55 MPa respectively. The particle size of 106 μm had relatively higher flexure extension than 35.5 μm and 75 μm. The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis revealed proper adhesion of the shell particles and epoxy resins with little or no pores in the composites. The PKS particles epoxy filled composites of 35.5 μm can be employed to enhance the mechanical properties of the composites for engineering applications.

How to Cite: Alabi, A.B., Salawu, M.A., Jimoh, R.A. and Akomolafe, T., 2020. Appraisal of mechanical properties of different particle sizes of palm kernel shell, coconut shell and mixed palm kernel-coconut shells particles epoxy-filled composites. Sri Lankan Journal of Physics, 21(1), pp.1–10. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljp.v21i1.8071
Published on 07 Feb 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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