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Effects of acidification of clove fruit dye extracted in water and ethanol for performance enhancement of DSSCs

Authors:

D. T. B. Herath ,

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya, LK
About D. T. B.
Department of Physical Sciences and Technology
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G. C. Wickramasinghe,

The Open University of Sri Lanka, Nawala, Nugegoda, LK
About G. C.
Department of Physics
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G. M. L. P. Aponsu,

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya, LK
About G. M. L. P.
Department of Physical Sciences and Technology
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V. P. S. Perera

The Open University of Sri Lanka, Nawala, Nugegoda, LK
About V. P. S.
Department of Physics
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Abstract

Dye extracted from flesh of Clove fruit (Syzgium aromaticum) was used as the sensitizer in Dye Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) of the configuration TiO2/dye/electrolyte/Pt. Pigments of Clove fruit was extracted by soaking in distilled water and ethanol and again boiling in both the solutions. Since DSSCs made using dye extraction in ethanol produced higher efficiency than in water, glacial acetic acid was added to dye extractions in ethanol at different ratios to examine any further enhancements. The Clove fruit extract absorbed appreciable solar radiation in the wavelength range 500 - 700 nm that makes it suitable for a DSSC. FTIR spectra of the dye extracts revealed the hydroxyl groups attached to dye is prominent after acidification with acetic acid that helps to anchor on TiO2 surface. DSSC fabricated using mixture of fruit dye in ethanol and glacial acetic with the ratio of 1:3 produced the highest efficiency of 0.69 % with the photo current of 2.50 mAcm-2 and fill factor of 61.57 %. The electron life time calculated from bode phase plots of the cells also supported the above observations. The enhancement with acetic acid treatment of dye is attributed to intensification of absorption of visible light and strong coupling of the dye with TiO2 due to the presence of anchoring groups in acidic form is evidence from UV visible and FTIR spectroscopy.
How to Cite: Herath, D.T.B., Wickramasinghe, G.C., Aponsu, G.M.L.P. and Perera, V.P.S., 2021. Effects of acidification of clove fruit dye extracted in water and ethanol for performance enhancement of DSSCs. Sri Lankan Journal of Physics, 22(1), pp.110–119. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljp.v22i1.8097
Published on 09 Jul 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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